Friday, March 6, 2009

Mary Queen of Heaven

4th Century
East: Deacon St. Ephrem the Syrian (Doctor) says [Prayer to the Holy Mother of God], "Majestic and Heavenly Maid, Lady, Queen, protect and keep me under your wing lest Satan the sower of destruction glory over me, lest my wicked foe be victorious against me."

7th Century
East: Patriarch St. Modestus of Jerusalem says before 634 [Encomium on the Dormition of the Holy Mother of God in PG 86B:3305B], "the Queen of mortal man, the most holy Mother of God."

West: St. Idelphonsus of Toledo says before 669 [On the Perpetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in PL 96:58], "O my Lady, my Sovereign, You who rule over me, Mother of my Lord ... Lady among handmaids, Queen among sisters."

8th Century
East: Hieromonk St. John of Damascus (Doctor) [Homily 1 on the Dormition of the Blessed Virgin in PG 96:720A] calls the Theotókos "Queen, ruler, and lady" and [An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith 4:14 in PG 94:1157B] honors her with the title, "the Queen of every creature."

West: Pope St. Gregory II of Rome says [Letter to Patriarch St. Germanus of Constantinople in PL 89:508B] described our Lady as "the Queen of all, the true Mother of God" and "the Queen of all Christians." In 787 the Seventh Ecumenical Council (Nicaea II) approved this letter.

East: Archbishop St. Andrew of Crete says [Homily 2 on the Dormition of the Holy Mother of God in PG 97:1080B], "Today He transports from her earthly dwelling, as Queen of the human race, His ever-Virgin Mother, from whose womb He, the living God, took on human form." In Homily 3 on the same subject [PG 97:1100A], the composer of the Great Canon refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary as "the Queen of the entire human race faithful to the exact meaning of her name, who is exalted above all things save only God Himself."

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